Ensemble Sultan Saodat

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The ensemble of Sultan Saodat is a cult-memorial complex, which was created for several centuries. Sultan Saodat translated from Arabic means «Lord of the Seyyids.» So the first facilities of the complex appeared near the burials of the dynasty of Termez seyids. According to some sources, representatives of this dynasty are direct descendants of the Prophet Muhammad.

The ensemble includes several religious buildings: a mausoleum, a mosque and Hanako. All the structures were built along the perimeter of a long narrow courtyard. In total, the complex includes 43 historical and architectural monuments, which are located on an area of ​​4 hectares. The first two mausoleums were built on the territory of the complex, which were united by a vaulted terrace (aivan).

The first mausoleum was built in the 11th century. This mausoleum belongs to the founder of the Termez clan Said Khasan al Emir. The building of the mausoleum was made of burnt bricks. Above the roof of the building towered a large dome, which kept on the archways made in the form of sails. The dome itself was erected on the «herringbone» technique and had a majolica lining. In addition, there is a huge portal, which rises to fifteen meters.

At the beginning of the 12th century, another mausoleum was built near the mausoleum of Hasan al-Emir. Near the southern mausoleum was also erected ayvannaya mosque. This mausoleum was also made of burnt bricks.

In the middle of the 15th century, several new buildings were erected around two mausoleums. In the later centuries, on the territory of the complex, Honako and many small mausoleums of Emirs of the ruling dynasties are being built.

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Published: 15.04.2018

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Category: Сурхандарья

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