Республика Узбекистан, Ферганская область
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The palace of Khudoyar Khan is the main historical sight of the city of Kokand located in the Fergana Valley. Kokand «Urda» which means the citadel or the Palace of Khudoyar Khan was built in 1871 by the order of Khudoyar Khan.
Khudoyar Khan was the last ruler of the Kokand Khanate, who remained in power for 30 years. Khudoyar Khan became the ruler of the Kokand Khanate when he was 12 years old, over a rather long period of his reign, he was repeatedly deprived of power, and each time he again won it, thereby leaving a big mark in history.
Kokand «Urda» was 7th according to the account of the Khan’s castle. It was built at the last stage of the rule of Khudoyar Khan. According to some reports, the architect of the palace was a certain Fergana master Mir Ubaidulla. Many masters from different cities of the Kokand Khanate were brought to build the seventh Khan’s castle. The new Khan’s castle was to surpass the beauty and richness of the decoration of all other castles, affirming the power of Khudoyar Khan.
After completion of the construction the castle occupied an area of 4 hectares. The inner part of the castle consisted of 7 small yards. In total there were about 199 rooms in the building. All the rooms of the castle were decorated with openwork carving on ganch, ornamental painting with tempera paints and gilded cornices.
The palace was built on a 3 meter platform. The main entrance had a wonderful portal decorated with majolica facing. The portal contained an inscription in Arabic with the following content: «Great Said Muhammad Khudoyar Khan». In addition to the main entrance led ramp. Around the palace was installed two fences — internal and external.
At present, only two courtyards, 19 rooms and a facade part that is 70 meters long remain from the once powerful construction. Inside the castle there is a mosque, a local history museum and a cemetery of the Kokand khans.