Навоийская область, город Нурота
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The sacred source of «Chashma» is a place of pilgrimage for thousands of Muslims and a large number of tourists from foreign countries. The very word «Chashma» in translation from the Tajik language means «holy source».
This historical complex consists of: the Chilustun mosque, the Chashma spring, the Panjob well (Besh Panj), the Panjvakta mosque (Katta Gumbaz), the shrine of Sheikh Abul Hasan Nuriyya and the ruins of the Nur fortress.
According to local residents, about 40 thousand years ago a meteorite that shone for 100 days fell into this place. As a result of the fall of the meteorite, a crater formed and a holy spring appeared, the water of which has medicinal properties. There is an opinion that the name of the city of Nurata is connected with this event. Local residents found the fall of the meteorite a manifestation of divine power and said that «Allah gave us Nur» (translated from Arabic means «ray»).
The very history of this place begins from ancient times. Near the sacred source remained the remains of the fortress «Nur». Now the fortress looks like ruins of walls and towers.
In the 9th century, the «Chilustun» mosque was built on the territory of the complex, which was reconstructed in the 16th century on the basis of the old foundation during the reign of Amir Temur. The mosque is located directly above the sacred source, and has a large sundial in the form of a dome with cylinder windows. The sunny clock is located right in the center of the mosque. In addition, in the interior of the mosque there is carving on wood and other elements of Central Asian decor.
Near the «Chilustun» mosque there is a mosque «Panzhvakta» (Katta Gumbaz). This mosque was built in 1570-1582 godaa. It is known that the construction of the mosque was started by order of the Bukhara emir Abdullahan II. Currently, the building of the mosque consists of a large dome with a two-sided canopy. All columns are made of mulberry and karagacha, and the pedestals to them are made of marble. The dome inside is decorated with mosaic patterns, of which only geometric patterns are well preserved.
Sheikh Abul Hasan was an Islamic preacher, a missionary and a respected person. He simplified, modest and profound knowledge of the Koran gained authority among the people, for which he was buried near the holy spring.
Now let’s turn to the main attraction — the sacred source of Chashma. The sacred spring «Chashma» is a spring, but not a simple spring, the water in it has a constant temperature of 19.5 degrees Celsius. In addition, the composition of water, which is rich in various useful minerals and salts, is surprising. According to microbiologists, there are about 15 useful microelements in the source water, which have a calming effect and favorably affect the entire human body. It is interesting that Marinka fish (fish from the trout family) float in this water, which are found in crystal clear cold mountain streams and rivers. Water from the source flows through the canal, which is teeming with these fish of black color. Among the local population there is a legend that this fish is sacred and it can not be eaten. And whoever dares to kill and eat this fish will fall ill and die, or his body will be covered with white spots.
Near the source there is a well «Panjob» or «Besh pandzhi» (meaning «five fingers» or «palm»). All the water enters the well from the underground rivers through five arichkov and flows into Chashma with one sleeve. The depth of the well is 7.5 meters. If you look closely, the well has the shape of a huge palm.
Nearest historical monuments: Gorge «Sarmysh» with rock drawings, Nur fortress.
The nearest settlements are: Nurata, Navoi.